The mainstay of treatment for colorectal cancer is surgery. This aims to remove the tumour as well as the surrounding lymph nodes. Most of the time, the two ends of the cut section can be joined together to restore continuity of the colon and rectum. In recent years, keyhole (laparoscopic) surgery can be performed which avoids long scars after surgery.
A full detailed microscopic examination of the tumour is performed to determine the stage of the cancer. Depending on the stage, chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy may be required.
Locally, the mortality (death) rate of colorectal cancer has seen a slight decline over the past decade. This is likely due to the progress in treatment Main treatment for colorectal cancer is surgery. of colorectal cancer, as well as increased awareness for screening. As a result, more patients are treated at an early stage of the disease with a 5-year survival rate of as high as 95% in Stage 1 colorectal cancer. Therefore regular screening is important and early medical advice should be sought before it is too late.
If you have any of the abovementioned symptoms or signs, it is advisable to consult a general practitioner (GP) first. A referral to a specialist center for further investigation is warranted should there be no resolution of symptoms despite initial treatment by the GP. It is also advisable to be seen by a specialist should you have risk factors or if there is suspicion of colorectal cancer.
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