When does a patient require a heart transplant?
Patients with advanced Heart Failure, whose condition cannot be relieved by conventional medical or surgical interventions, require Heart Transplantation.
Symptoms of heart failureA person with heart failure may experience the following symptoms: • Shortness of breath• Frequent coughing, especially when lying down • Swollen feet, ankles, and legs due to fluid buildup • Abdominal swelling and pain • Fatigue • Dizziness or fainting
Eligibility of transplant
Patients suffering from end-stage heart disease and under the age of 60 are eligible for heart transplant. The doctor, patient and family must address the following four basic questions to determine whether a transplant should be considered:• Have all other medical therapies been tried or ruled out? • Is the patient likely to die without the transplant? • Is the patient generally in good health other than suffering from heart disease? • Can the patient adhere to the lifestyle changes which include complex drug treatments and frequent medical examinations, required after a transplant?
Patients who do not meet the above criteria or suffer from other severe diseases, active infections or severe obesity, are not eligible for a heart transplant.
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