Paracetamol and Codeine
Paracetamol and Orphenadrine
NSAID (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory)
1. Non-Selective NSAIDs
Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Ketoprofen, Mefenamic Acid, etc
Pain associated with inflammation
2. COX-2 Selective NSAIDs
Celecoxib (Celebrex®), Etoricoxib (Arcoxia®)
Gabapentin, Pregabalin (Lyrica®)
Morphine, Fentanyl, Oxycodone, Pethidine
For more information click here to read more on opioids
For more information, can click to read more on Opioids.
What is post-operation pain management ?
After an operation, pain is usually experienced due to damage to the tissues and nerves. The pain is usually more severe initially and resolves over time as the wound recovers. Unrelieved pain can interfere with sleep and physical functioning that can negatively affect patient's well-being on multiple levels. Hence doctors will always prescribe medicine to manage pain so as to minimise any discomfort that the patient may experience during recovery. Analgesics act by different mechanism and at different receptor sites can be combined to produce additive or synergistic pain relief and reduce opioid use. They may be available in injectable, topical or oral forms.
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