The adrenal glands which lie just above the kidney produce steroid hormones. Corticosteroids are medications which act in the same way as steroid hormones. Certain corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone are used to replace the body’s production when the adrenal glands are not working normally.
Corticosteroids such as prednisolone can also be used to reduce inflammation (signs include warmth, redness, swelling and pain) or calm an overactive immune system. Therefore, steroids can help to reduce swelling, redness, itchiness and allergic reactions. They are used in different conditions such as severe allergies, skin problems, asthma, arthritis (joint inflammation) and autoimmune diseases (where the immune system attacks the body).
Inform your doctor if any side effect lasts for more than a few days, or the side effects become serious or bothersome.
Other rare but serious effects that may occur include:
If you experience any of these symptoms, you should stop your medication and see your healthcare professional immediately.
The symptoms of a drug allergy include one or more of the following:
Inform your healthcare professional if:
You should take note of the following:
Avoid taking alcohol with corticosteroids as this combination can cause stomach problems.
Please inform your doctor if you are taking any of the following medications, before you start taking any corticosteroids:
Inform your doctor if you are on any other medications. This includes prescription medications or over-the-counter medications, including vitamins, minerals, Chinese supplements and herbal products.
If your doctor has advised you to take a low salt diet, follow the dietary instruction strictly. This helps to prevent excessive water retention.
If you forget a dose, take it as soon as you remember and then continue to take it as you normally would. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take the next dose at the usual time. Do not double or increase the dose to make up for the missed dose.
Pack this medication into a black trash bag and seal it tightly before throwing into the rubbish chute or bin.
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