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Cytarabine

Drug Class: Commonly Known As: Category:
Antimetabolite Cancer-related

Cytarabine - What is it for

Cytarabine is a chemotherapy that is used alone or in combination with other agents for the treatment of certain types of cancer.

Cytarabine - Side Effects, Precautions, and Contraindications

What side effects can Cytarabine cause?

Early side effects

  • Cytarabine may cause a reaction 6 to 12 hours after it has been given. Signs of a reaction may include:
    • High temperature of chills
    • Rash
    • Red watery eyes with pain (conjunctivitis)
      You may be given eyedrops to prevent conjuctivitis. If you are, use it as directed.
    • Chest pain, muscle ache, bone pain, fatigue

            (Please seek medical attention if you experience the above symptoms.)

Delayed side effects

  • A drop in your white blood cell count is expected after treatment.
  • Mouth ulcers may occur.
  • Diarrhea or abdominal pain may occur.
  • Temporary hair thinning or hair loss may occur. Hair loss may be complete if receiving high-dose treatment.

Inform your doctor if any of the following occurs:

  • Fever of 38° C or higher.
  • Unusual bruising or bleeding, black sticky stools, dark urine or vomiting of blood.
  • Severe shortness of breath or breathing difficulty or persistent cough.
  • Severe diarrhea (>4 episodes a day) with abdominal pain.
  • Severe skin rashes or painful mouth ulcers.
  • Red watery eyes with pain or vision changes.
  • Urinary retention.

Before taking Cytarabine, what precautions must I follow?

What food or medicine must I avoid when I take Cytarabine?

Cytarabine - Dosage and How to Use

How should Cytarabine be used?

What should I do if I miss a dose?

What should I do if I overdose?

Cytarabine - Handling and Storage

How should I handle Cytarabine safely?

How should I store Cytarabine?

How should I dispose of Cytarabine safely?

Cytarabine - Additional Information

  • Updated on Friday, May 19, 2017
  • Article contributed by Department of Pharmacy National Cancer Centre Singapore

    The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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