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Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections - How to prevent?

​About 25 percent of women with acute cystitis develop recurrent UTIs. Most recurrent infections are from bacteria present in the faecal or periurethral reservoirs. Some strategies can be undertaken to reduce the risk of recurrent infections.

1. Lifestyle changes

  • Sexually active women should attempt to void immediately after intercourse to reduce the risk of coitus-related introduction of bacteria into the bladder.
  • Wiping from front to back after going to the toilet to avoid faecal contamination of the urinary tract (especially during an episode of diarrhoea).
  • Daily consumption of cranberry juice or cranberry tablets.
  • Avoid use of diaphgrams and spermicide by considering other forms of contraception.
  • Avoid use of deodorants and bubble baths.
  • Drinking plenty of water.

2. Prophylactic antibiotics

  • A once-daily dose of an appropriate antibiotic may be indicated in patients with a history of multiple episodes of UTI to minimise the risk of recurrence of infection.

3. Treatment of any existing structural abnormalities

  • If recurrent UTI occurs against a background of structural abnormalities in the urinary tract (e.g. stones, kidney cysts), consideration should be given to the treatment of these conditions to eradicate the source.

4. Treatment of any vaginal/lower genital tract infection

  • These infections may spread to the urinary tract. As such, they should be treated promptly, if present.

Urinary Tract Infections - Preparing for surgery

Urinary Tract Infections - Post-surgery care

Urinary Tract Infections - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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