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Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease)

Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease) - Treatments

As of today, osteoarthritis does not have a known cure. Research is still ongoing.

That being said, treatment at osteoarthritis centres aim to alleviate its symptoms, help patients regain lost muscle strength, or replace the affected areas.

a. Medication

Most medications treat only the symptoms of Osteoarthritis. Paracetamol (Panadol) can be prescribed for low level pain, while stronger drugs like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and COX-2 inhibitors may be
necessary for more severe pain. The effect of glucosamine and chondroitin is variable. Speak to your doctor first before you try these supplements. 

If movement becomes significantly affected, steroids or hyaluronic acid
preparation may be injected directly into the joint. The effect is usually temporary and cannot be used in the long-term as they can cause adverse side effects.

b. Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is needed to build up the strength in the surrounding muscles so that they can hold up the joint better, lessening the stress and strain that is exerted on the joint. Exercises such as walking (with an aid, if necessary), swimming or cycling are recommended for most forms of arthritis.

c. Surgery

In advanced cases, surgery may be required to remove bone fragments, realign the joints, or even replace the joint with an artificial part. One example of such a treatment is total knee replacement surgery which treats osteoarthritis at the knee.

Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease) - Preparing for surgery

Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease) - Post-surgery care

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth