The orbit refers to the bony cavity in the skull that houses the eye and its surrounding structures (tear gland, muscles, nerves, blood vessels, etc.). Tumour means swelling, growths and masses.
Orbital tumours are swellings or abnormal growths arising from the tissues within the orbit. It can be an independent disease process or as part of a systemic illness that affects multiple tissues or organs in the body.
What are the various types of orbital disorders?The various types of orbital disorders can be classified into the following categories:
Patient with left eye protrusion
(b) Non-infectious inflammatory disorders The cause of orbital inflammation can be idiopathic and localised or as part of systemic inflammations like: Wegener’s Granulomatosis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), sarcoidosis and Sjogren’s Syndrome. Orbital inflammations usually requires biopsy and blood tests to reach a specific diagnosis. Treatment usually involves the use of anti-inflammatory drugs or immunosuppressive agent. Surgical debulking and radiotherapy may be required in selected cases.Patient with left orbital inflammation presenting with left eye swelling
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