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Optic Neuritis

Optic Neuritis - Symptoms

Optic Neuritis - How to prevent?

Optic Neuritis - Causes and Risk Factors

What causes optic neuritis?

The commonest cause of optic nerve inflammation in Singapore is demyelinating (destruction of the myelin sheath of the optic nerve), the underlying cause of which is unknown, although a viral infection may be implicated.

In countries with a predominantly Caucasian population, this demyelination may be a manifestation of a neurological condition known as multiple sclerosis (MS).

Other causes may be due to and not limited to:

  • Association with systemic autoimmune/inflammatory diseases such as systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), Sjogren's Syndrome, sarcoidosis and Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) also known as “Wegener's Granulomatosis”
  • Isolated autoimmune optic neuritis, which is not associated with any defined systemic autoimmune/inflammatory disease like those mentioned above
  • Neuromyelitis optic  (NMO) or Devic's disease
  • Anti-MOG (Myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein) related optic neuritis
  • Chronic relapsing inflammatory optic neuropathy (CRION)

Optic Neuritis - Preparing for surgery

Optic Neuritis - Post-surgery care

Optic Neuritis - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth