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Motor Neuron Disease

Motor Neuron Disease - Causes and Risk Factors

Motor Neuron Disease - Treatments

What are the treatment options?

Persons with MND require the support of a multi-disciplinary team to help them live and cope with such a complex and challenging condition.

The team usually includes:

  • Neurologist
  • Rehabilitation physician
  • Palliative care team
  • Medical Social Worker
  • Occupational therapist
  • Physiotherapist
  • Prosthetist and Orthotist
  • Psychologist
  • Specialist nurse
  • Speech and language therapist
  • Dietitian
  • Ventilation specialist

There is currently no cure for MND, but medications, therapies and assistive devices can help people with MND manage and come to terms with their condition.

Medication: drugs to slow down the progression of MND are limited and only have a modest effect, however medication can help manage symptoms such as pain, excessive saliva, constipation, anxiety and depression.

Therapies: support and advice from a range of allied healthcare professionals can help people with MND and their caregivers manage their symptoms and live as independently as possible. Examples include:

  • Physiotherapist: clearance of phlegm, exercises to maintain joint flexibility, strengthen muscles not yet affected by MND, and pain relief, pressure relief techniques
  • Occupational therapist: strategies to perform tasks of daily living, leisure and work activities, modification of home/ workplace/ vehicle to maximise independence, cognitive strategies
  • Speech and language therapist: texture modification of food and drinks, safe swallowing techniques, communication strategies
  • Dietitian: nutrition advice

Assistive devices: these can help persons with MND manage their symptoms, continue to engage with those around them and live as independently as possible. Examples include communication aids, walking aids or other mobility devices e.g. motorized wheelchairs, orthoses; tools to help with tasks of daily living such as eating, dressing, hygiene; pressure relief mattress/ cushion; hospital bed; feeding tube; ventilator

Counselling and support: feelings of hopelessness and depression are relatively common due to the lack of a cure and severe disability MND causes. Counselling and strong social support can help people with MND and their family members come to terms with the diagnosis, find positive meaning in life and find ways to cope with the condition.

Advance care planning: MND is a life-limiting condition and communication challenges are common because it affects speech. Advance care planning in the early stages of the disease helps ensure the person’s goals, values and care wishes are respected throughout their illness and when they pass on.

Motor Neuron Disease - Preparing for surgery

Motor Neuron Disease - Post-surgery care

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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