Small and slow-growing benign tumours without major signs may not need immediate treatment. Periodic brain scans should be done to monitor tumour growth. If the tumour does not grow in size, surgery may not be needed.
If there are new symptoms or signs, consult your attending doctor.
The majority of meningiomas can be treated with surgery.
The tumour can be removed if it is near the brain’s surface and do not affect critical functions like sight. Some tumours, however can only be partially removed because they are near important brain structures. A partial removal will help to relieve symptoms. Medications to reduce brain swelling and prevent seizures may be given before and after surgery, if needed. Physio, occupational and speech therapy may help with temporary muscle weakness, coordination and speech problems. The recovery time depends on age, the overall health of the patient, location and size of the tumour.
If the tumour is cancerous (malignant) or can only be partially removed, radiation therapy may be needed. A high and precise dose of radiation is aimed at the tumour, with no or low damage to surrounding brain structures. This helps to shrink the tumour or prevent it from growing. As tumours may recur, go for regular checks.
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