An Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) is a device which is inserted into the uterus (womb) to prevent pregnancy. There are many types of IUCDs and they come in different shapes and sizes. Commonly used types are IUCDs containing copper.
*IUCD is also commonly known as “IUD”.
The IUCD works by changing the uterine lining and preventing the fertilised egg from getting attached to the wall of the womb, therefore preventing implantation.
Some women may experience abdominal cramps, heavier periods and vaginal discharge after IUCD insertion. However, these symptoms usually disappear after 2 - 3 months. IUCD insertion also carries with it possible complications such as:
Your doctor will perform a vaginal examination to determine the size of your uterus and the correct size of IUCD to use. The IUCD will then be inserted using an introducer and the procedure usually takes about 5 minutes.
The IUCD is best inserted towards the end of menstrual flow because it is at this time that you are unlikely to be pregnant, and the neck of the womb, being softer and slightly open, makes insertion easier. An IUCD can also be inserted during the termination of pregnancy procedure.
No. The IUCD is as safe as any other contraceptive method and it does not cause cancer.
Yes. It is important that you see your doctor for regular check-ups after the IUCD has been inserted. Your doctor will advise you on the frequency.
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