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Heart Diseases

Heart Diseases: What is it, common types of heart defects, cardiology investigations and treatment options | KKH

Heart Diseases - What it is

​Congenital Heart Defects Infocenter

Welcome to Singapore's web infocenter on congenital heart diseases. Heart disease in children is not rare - it occurs in about 8 per 1,000 children and can range from very mild defects that are compatible with normal life, to severe, life threatening conditions.

This website is a patient/parent education effort by the Cardiology Service and Cardiothoracic Surgery Service of KK Women's & Children's Hospital. Through this website, we hope to provide simple, clear and concise information on the common types of heart defects, cardiology investigations and treatment options. We aim to help you understand more about your or your child's heart condition, however the information provided here should not be taken as medical advice and should in no way be use to affect or alter the treatment prescribed by your cardiologist.

  1. The Normal Heart
  2. Types of Congenital Heart Disease
    • Hole in the Heart
    • Atrial Septal Defect
    • Ventricular Septal Defect
    • Patent Ductus Arteriosus
    • Pulmonary/Aortic Stenosis
    • Mitral Valve Prolapse
    • Coarctation of the Aorta
    • Fallot's Tetralogy
    • Transposition of the Great Vessels
    • Pulmonary Atresia
    • Other Complex Congenital Heart Diseases
  3. Other Heart Conditions
    1. Cardiomyopathy
    2. Kawasaki Disease
    3. Infective Endocarditis
    4. Rhythm Problems
    5. Ectopic Beats
    6. Supraventricular Tachycardia
  4. Symptoms
    • Cardiac Murmur
    • Chest Pain
    • Palpitation
    • Fainting Spells
  5. Investigations
    • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
    • Holter Monitoring
    • Transtelephonic Monitoring
    • Treadmill Exercise Test
    • Echocardiogram
    • Cardiac Catheter Study
  6. Treatment Options
    • Transcatheter Procedures
      • Device closure of PDA
      • Device closure of ASD
      • Balloon Atrial Septostomy
      • Balloon Valvuloplasty
      • Balloon Angioplasty
    • Surgery
      • Closure of "Hole-in-the-Heart" (ASD, VSD) Arterial Switch (ASO)
      • Modified Blalock Taussig Shunt (BTS)
      • Cavo-Pulmonary Shunt (CPS)
      • Fontan Procedure
      • Norwood Procedure
      • Pulmonary Artery Band (PAB)
      • Rastelli Operation
      • Ross Procedure
      • Ligation of Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Heart Diseases - Symptoms

Heart Diseases - How to prevent?

Heart Diseases - Causes and Risk Factors

Heart Diseases - Diagnosis

Heart Diseases - Treatments

Heart Diseases - Preparing for surgery

Heart Diseases - Post-surgery care

Heart Diseases - Other Information

Terms of Use/ Condition Disclaimer

The information provided on this page does not replace information from your healthcare professional. Please consult your healthcare professional for more information.

Information provided by Singhealth

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