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Head and Neck Cancer - Causes and Risk Factors

Risk factors for head and neck cancer include:

  • Smoking
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Tobacco or betel nut chewing
  • Excessive sun exposure for skin cancer
  • Family history of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC)

The total increase in risk with smoking and alcohol together is higher than the sum of their individual risks.

Head and Neck Cancer - Preparing for surgery

Head and Neck Cancer - Post-surgery care

Head and Neck Cancer - Other Information