Treatment of this condition is usually by medication, psychological therapy (also known as talking therapy) or a combination of both. The common medications used are antidepressant medication such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Although they are called antidepressant medication they are useful for anxiety as well. They are commonly prescribed by general practitioners and polyclinic doctors. The medication is effective and patients will usually improve in a few weeks. Patients must continue to take the medication for a few months. The medication has few side effects and it is not addictive.
The most effective form of psychological therapy for this condition is cognitive behavioural therapy.
It is usually given by a psychologist and each session will last about 45 minutes. A patient will have to go for several sessions before they can see improvement. Other than cognitive behavioural therapy, the patient may be taught relaxation techniques as well, such as deep breathing exercises.
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