Atopic dermatitis (AD) or atopic eczema is a very common recurrent, itchy skin condition in children.
Many patients have a personal or family history of other atopic conditions (eg. asthma, allergic rhinitis or allergic conjunctivitis). Many genes involved in the formation of the skin barrier and the skin's immune system play a role in the development of AD. Many patients with AD have dry skin which is easily irritated.
Most children with AD improve as they get older. However, the condition can recur even after an inactive period.
AD commonly starts in infancy but some patients may present in childhood or later.
AD appears as red, scaly scratched rashes. Blisters may be seen. In long-standing cases, the skin can become quite thick.
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