Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
Menu

Clubfoot in Children

Clubfoot in Children - What it is

​What is Congenital Talipes Equino Varus (CTEV) / Club Foot?

Congenital Talipes Equino Varus (CTEV) for short is commonly known as clubfoot. This is a condition where a child presents with either one or both feet pointing downwards and turns inwards.  There are two types of CTEV: postural and structural.

  • Postural CTEV involves muscle imbalance and / or tightness. There is usually no bone or joint involvement.
  • Structural CTEV involves the bone and joints of the foot, where the child's foot cannot be passively put through a full range of motion.

Club foot treatment at KKH

Clubfoot in Children - Symptoms

​Signs and Symptoms of Club Foot

  • Feet turning inwards
  • Tightness in calf muscles
  • For structural: the foot has decreased joint range of movement.

Clubfoot in Children - How to prevent?

Clubfoot in Children - Causes and Risk Factors

Causes of Club Foot

  • Postural: packing disorder (first born baby; big baby >4kg at birth; decrease fluid surrounding the baby)
  • Structural: The cause is unknown and in some, it can be genetics.

Complications

  • Abnormal walking pattern.
  • Foot pain due to abnormal foot positions.

Clubfoot in Children - Diagnosis

​Tests and Diagnosis for Club Foot

  • Orthopaedic assessments

Clubfoot in Children - Treatments

​Treatment Options for Club Foot

  • Postural: Self resolving. In some cases, physiotherapy intervention for stretching and stimulation to the feet is required.
  • Structural: Serial casting and manipulation with minimal surgery if neccessary. In severe cases, surgery may be required. This is followed by maintenance with special boots and bar till 4 years of age.

Clubfoot in Children - Preparing for surgery

Clubfoot in Children - Post-surgery care

Clubfoot in Children - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

TOP
Discover articles,videos, and guides afrom Singhealth's resources across the web. These information are collated, making healthy living much easier for everyone.