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Cancer of the uterus

Cancer of the uterus - Causes and Risk Factors

Who Is At Risk of Cancer of the Uterus?

In Singapore, the majority of uterine cancer is diagnosed after 40 years of age, most commonly between 50 and 70 years old.

Some women have a higher risk of uterine cancer:

  • Women who are obese
  • Women who do not ovulate regularly and often miss periods
  • Women who have late menopause (when menstrual periods end, which is usually around age 50)
  • Women with polycystic ovarian disease (in which the ovaries contain many abnormal cysts)
  • Women with endometrial hyperlasia (abnormal thickening of the endometrium)
  • Women who have had cancer of the ovary, breast or colon
  • Women with a close family member (mother or daughter) with uterine cancer

It is also thought that some women who take oestrogen alone after menopause may be at risk for cancer of the uterus. If oestrogen is given along with another hormone, progesterone, this combination protects against the risk of uterine cancer.

Women who have ever used the most common type of birth control pills, combination (oestrogen plus progesterone) birth control pills, have a reduced risk of uterine cancer. This protection persists for at least 10 years after a woman stops taking the pill.

A woman may have some or all of the risk factors described here and never have uterine cancer. But women at risk should be aware of the symptoms of uterine cancer and discuss their concerns with their doctor. Regular check-ups, including pelvic examinations, are important.

Cancer of the uterus - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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