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Hypertension

Hypertension - Causes and Risk Factors

Causes of hypertension:


Primary (essential) hypertension:
In most adults, there is no identifiable cause of hypertension. This is called primary, or essential hypertension. 

Secondary hypertension:
Some people have an underlying health condition which causes their high blood pressure. This is called secondary hypertension. People may require evaluation for causes of secondary hypertension if they have unusual features, or if their blood pressure is difficult to control. 

Some causes of secondary hypertension are as follows:
  • Hormonal disorders (adrenal, pituitary or thyroid gland disorders)
  • Kidney disorders
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea
  • Abnormalities of the blood vessels or heart
  • Certain medications
Risk factors for hypertension:
  • Older age
  • Family history of hypertension
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Heavy alcohol consumption

Hypertension - Preparing for surgery

Hypertension - Post-surgery care

Hypertension - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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