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Cuts and Bruises

CUTS

Cuts and bruises are common injuries that can often be treated at home. Cuts are wounds where the skin is lacerated or torn. If the cut is deep, there may be bleeding.

HOW TO TREAT AT HOME

  • Clean the cut by rinsing it under cold running water.
  • Use sterile gauze swabs to clean the wound.
  • Swipe gently outward from the wound area, using a new swab for each swipe.
  • With the corner of the swab, gently lift any foreign material out from the wound area.
  • Carefully pat the area dry with a clean gauze swab.
  • Apply a plaster or bandage.

SEE YOUR GP IF:

  • There are sand particles or wood splinters in the cut.
  • The cut is caused by an animal or rusty object.
  • You develop an infection, e.g. you also develop a fever, persistent redness and pain, swelling, or pus forming in the wound.  

GO TO THE A&E IF:

  • The cut is deep and the bleeding does not stop.


BRUISES

Bruises are wounds caused by hard contact with an object or person. Small blood vessels may burst and form a mark under the skin that is reddish at first, becoming dark blue or purple after a few hours. After several days, it will turn yellowish before fading away completely.

HOW TO TREAT AT HOME

  • Rest the bruise and allow the blood to clot
  • Elevate the bruise to reduce swelling, e.g. if your leg is bruised, lie down and prop your leg up on a pillow.
  • Apply an ice pack (wrap a bag of ice in a towel) gently on the bruise.
  • Do this every 3 to 4 hours, for 2 to 3 days.