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Cold and Flu

Colds are caused by viruses that attack the nose and throat, leading to inflammation which could cause a blocked or runny nose, sneezing, water eyes, sore throat and a cough.

Influenza or flu is more severe and contagious than a cold, and is caused by a different group of viruses. It can lead to fever, headaches, body aches, tiredness, a sore throat, cough, loss of appetite and nausea.

HOW TO TREAT AT HOME

  • Stay home and get lots of rest
  • Take a warm bath to help relax and sooth your body aches.
  • Drink lots of fluids
  • Consult your neighbourhood pharmacist on using over-the-counter medication like Paracetamol or Ibuprofen, antihistamines, nasal decongestants, and antitussives.
  • Massage mentholated or vapour rubs onto your chest, neck and back to help you breathe better, especially before sleeping.

SEE YOUR GP IF YOU:

  • Have a fever of 38°C or higher
  • Experience a cold or flu that lasts for more than 3 days
  • Have difficulty in breathing
  • Are 65 years old and over
  • Are pregnant
  • Have long-term medical condition(s) like diabetes, heart disease, lung disease or kidney disease.

GO TO THE A&E IF YOU ARE EXPERIENCING:

  • There is no need to visit the A&E for a cold or flu, unless your GP says so.