Eyesight is one of the most important senses we have. It is a complex and intricate process of gathering, focusing and translating light into images. As we get older, the eye becomes more susceptible to damage and disease. Being alert to changes in vision is important in picking up eye diseases. Some eye diseases such as high eye pressure leading to glaucoma have no symptoms in their early stages, so you may not know you have a problem until the disease is in its later stage. This can make treatment more diffi cult and the problem harder to reverse. Therefore, regular eye exams are essential for early diagnosis and treatment of any problem. Early detection and treatment can slow down or even reverse the progression of eye disease.
An eye examination does not
hurt. Your eye doctor will usually
conduct a basic eye examination
that will consist of an external
check of your eyes, the eyelids and
the surrounding areas. Parts of
the eye, such as the conjunctiva,
sclera, cornea and iris, will also be
inspected for signs of disease.
A complete eye examination
Babies (Age 3 and below) Ensure that your child’s eyes are screened during regular paediatric appointments. Some common childhood eye conditions to look out for include strabismus (crossed eyes)
and amblyopia (lazy eye). Screening
is also performed to exclude rarer
diseases such as congenital cataract
and retinoblastoma (eye tumour).
Children and Teenagers
(Age 3 to 19)
Ensure that your child has a thorough
eye check every one to two years
during routine health check-ups or
when getting fitted for corrective
eyewear, such as for myopia.
Young Adults (Age 20 to 39)
Have a comprehensive eye
examination if you have a family
history of eye disease or if you are
suff ering from an eye injury.
Adults and Seniors (Age 40 to 64)
As you get older, age-related eye
conditions are more likely to occur.
To monitor vision changes, you
should get a baseline eye disease
screening when you are 40 and
ask the doctor to assess how often
you need to return for follow-up
For Anyone with Risk Factors
If you have a risk factor for eye
disease (are diabetic, have high
blood pressure, have a family
history of eye disease, or are
taking prescription medications
which may affect the eyes) you
should see your ophthalmologist
more frequently. Ask your eye
doctor for the ideal interval
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