Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content

Prostate Cancer

​Prostate Cancer: What is it

The prostate is a small gland located below the bladder and is found only in men. It surrounds the tube that carries urine out from the bladder (known as the urethra). Prostate cancer develops when the cells in the prostate gland grow too rapidly compared to a normal prostate, forming a malignant or cancerous lump.

Most prostate cancers grow slower than other types of cancers. Advanced prostate cancer can spread to the lymph nodes and bones.

It is the 3rd most common cancer affecting men in Singapore.

Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer

  1. A family history of prostate cancer e.g. father, brother, uncle
  2. Age above 50 years old
  3. Smoking

Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

  1. Straining on urination
  2. Weak and interrupted urine flow
  3. Incomplete voiding
  4. Frequent urination during daytime and at night
  5. Blood in the urine
  6. Blood in the semen
  7. Persistent pain of the lower back

*Early prostate cancer usually does not have any symptoms.

These symptoms may be caused by a number of problems and may not indicate the presence of cancer, but if any of the above symptoms persists or is bothering you, do consult your doctor for advice.

Screening for Prostate Cancer

Screening for prostate cancer is currently not recommended but for individuals interested in early diagnosis, a simple blood test, Prostate Specifi c Antigen (PSA), is available. Please discuss with your doctor.

Treatment for Prostate Cancer

Treatment options for prostate cancer include surgery, ranging from a prostatectomy to transuretheral resection, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and/or hormone therapy.

Specialist Services

Specialist services are available at the following institutions:

  • National Cancer Centre Singapore
    Tel: 6436 8088

  • Singapore General Hospital
    Tel: 6321 4377