The cervix is at the lowest part of the uterus (womb). Cancer of the cervix begins in its lining. There are 2 main types: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
Cervical cancer develops in stages. In its early stages, it is potentially curable. That is why a regular Pap smear is important as it can detect abnormal cells that may one day become cancerous.
Pre-cancerous (CIN) stage and Early Cervical Cancer (CIS - carcinoma in-situ) usually have no symptoms. Therefore, it is important for women to have regular Pap smears. All women should go for a Pap smear if they have ever had sex. Pap smears can be done one to three yearly as advised by the doctor.
These symptoms may be caused by a number of problems and may not indicate the presence of cancer, but if any of the above symptoms persists or is bothering you, do consult your doctor for advice.
Cervical cancer screening is
Treatment options for cervical
cancer include surgery, ranging
from cryosurgery to hysterectomy,
chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Specialist services are available at the
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