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Cancer Screening

Screening can help detect a cancer in its early stages for effective treatment. Likewise, coming forward for early detection and treatment can improve the chances of cure. About one-third of cancers can be cured.

The table below shows the four types of cancer where screening is recommended and have been proven to be effective.

Cancer Type ​Screening Test ​When ​Who
​Colorectal
​1. Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) and Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)
​Yearly

- ​Individuals 50 years old and above

- Individuals 45 years old and above with family history of colorectal cancer or polyps​ ​

​2. Sigmoidoscopy
​Every 5 years
​3. Colonoscopy*
Every 10 years
​4. Barium Enema
​Every 5  to 10 years
​5. CT Colonography
Every 5  to 10 years
​Cervical
​1. Pap Smear
​3-yearly
All women who have ever had sex​
​Yearly (if two initial half-yearly screenings are negative)
​Women who are HIV positive


Cancer Type
Screening Test
​When​Who
​Breast ​ ​ ​ ​​1. Mammography
​Yearly​Women 40-49 years old
​2-yearly​Women 50 years old and above
​2. Clinical Breast Examination​Yearly​Women 40 years old and above
​3. Breast Self Examination​Monthly​Women 30 years old and above
​​4. Breast MRI​Women with genetic risk ​
​Liver ​​1. Alpha-feto protein​6-monthly​Chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C patients
​2. Ultra sound examination​Yearly​Patients with liver cirrhosis