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Polio Vaccine

Drug Class: Commonly Known As: Category:
Polio Vaccine Polio, IPV, Infanrix-IPV+Hib, Pentaxim,Infanrix Hexa, Hexaxim Adult, Children

Polio Vaccine - What is it for

​Polio vaccines help to prevent infection caused by 3 types of Poliovirus. The inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) contains the killed form of the Poliovirus.


Poliomyelitis (Polio) is a highly infectious disease which can affect the muscles and nerves throughout the body. In a small number of people, this can lead to permanent paralysis of the limbs. Most people infected with polio will not have any symptoms or have only minor symptoms which often go away completely.


Polio is spread by contact with infected people, such as through oral contact with body fluids or faecal material from an infected person. Some symptoms that can happen at the beginning include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, neck stiffness and pain in the limbs.

Who Should Receive the Polio Vaccine?
As part of the Singapore National Childhood Immunisation Schedule (NCIS), all children should receive a series of three doses from age 2 months onwards, followed by two booster doses at appropriate intervals, usually given together in combination with other vaccines.
For at-risk unvaccinated adults, their vaccination schedule may differ and booster dose may be advised if indicated. Please consult your doctor for more information.

Polio Vaccine - Side Effects, Precautions, and Contraindications

What side effects can Polio Vaccine cause?

Common side effects include:

  • ​Some people may feel faint after the vaccination
    • Sit for 15 minutes to avoid fainting
  • Pain, redness and swelling at the injection site
    • You may place a cold compress over the affected area for relief
    • You may take paracetamol for pain relief

Please see a doctor if these side effects do not get better or become worse.

Rare but serious side effects include:
The symptoms of a drug allergy include one or more of the following:

  • Swollen face/eyes/lips/tongue
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Itchy skin rashes over your whole body

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should inform your healthcare professional immediately.

Before taking Polio Vaccine, what precautions must I follow?

​Inform your healthcare professional if:

  • You are allergic to this vaccine or any of the other ingredients of this vaccine, including antibiotics neomycin, streptomycin or polymyxin B
  • You are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding
  • You are taking any other medications
  • You had an adverse reaction to the previous dose of the vaccination
  • You are currently not feeling well and having a fever
  • You have a history of bleeding disorders

What food or medicine must I avoid when I take Polio Vaccine?

Polio Vaccine - Dosage and How to Use

How should Polio Vaccine be used?

How Is the Polio Vaccine Given?
IPV is given by injection into a muscle, as a series of three doses followed by two booster shots. It may be given on its own as one shot, or in combination with other vaccines (e.g. Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, and Haemophilus Influenzae type b-Hib) as one shot.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

What should I do if I overdose?

Polio Vaccine - Handling

How should I handle Polio Vaccine safely?

Polio Vaccine - Storage

How should I store Polio Vaccine?

Keep away from children;#Keep in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight;#

How should I dispose of Polio Vaccine safely?

Polio Vaccine - Additional Information

  • Updated on
  • Article contributed by PSS National Medication Information Workgroup PSS National Medication Information Workgroup

    The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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