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Ptosis (Droopy Eyelids)

Causes
Treatment Options
Where To Seek Treatment
Singapore National Eye Centre
Contributed by Oculoplastic & Aesthetic Eyeplastic Service

PTOSIS

The tired appearance caused by a droopy upper eyelid can be corrected surgically.

What is Ptosis?
 

Ptosis is the medical term for drooping of the upper eyelid. This may affect one or both eyes. As the edge of the upper lid falls, the upper part of your visual field may become obstructed.

Example :


Patient with bilateral ptosis that is worse on
the right side

  

How do I know if I have Ptosis?

You may find it more and more difficult to keep your eyes open, or you may feel eye strain and eyebrow ache from the increased effort to raise the lids, or fatigue when reading. In severe cases, it may be necessary to tilt your head backward in order to see from under the eyelid. Your family and friends might also notice that you constantly have a “tired” appearance.  

What causes Ptosis?
 

Ptosis may be present at birth (congenital) or appear later in life (acquired).

Congenital ptosis is usually a result of maldevelopment of the levator muscle responsible for the lifting of the upper lid.

There are several causes of acquired ptosis. Among them, the most common cause is the stretching of the levator muscle, due to the ageing process. This is called aponeurotic ptosis. It is also not uncommon to develop this type of ptosis after eye surgery or after contact lens wear. Other causes of ptosis include third cranial nerve palsy and neurological muscular disorders such as myasthenia and muscle dystrophies.

What kind of treatments are available for Ptosis?

The type of treatment available depends on the cause of the ptosis.  Aponeurotic ptosis can frequently be repaired surgically.

Example 1 :

 
 Patient with ptosis of both eyes 
 obstructing the central vision

Example 2 :

 
  Droopy eyelids causing the typical 
  tired look and raised eyebrows as 
  the patient attempts to raise the 
  eyelids

Example 3 : 

  Right aponeurotic ptosis

Surgery is usually performed under local anaesthesia. The main goal of surgery is to elevate the upper eyelid to permit a full field of vision. At the same time, the surgeon aims to achieve a reasonable amount of symmetry. Good to excellent results can be achieved although perfect symmetry may not always be obtained.
 
Congenital ptosis is different from acquired ptosis in that the surgeon has to deal with an abnormal muscle. When operating on an abnormal muscle, it is not always possible to achieve complete symmetry of both lid position and function after surgery.  Patients with congenital ptosis may still have a drooping lid on up gaze and the white of the eye (sclera) will become visible on down gaze. There may be inadequate lid closure during sleep as shown in the photo below.
 
Congenital ptosis is usually repaired in childhood if it is severe and obstructs vision. If mild, it can be repaired either in later childhood or early adulthood.

Example 1 :

   
             Congenital ptosis patient

Example 2 :

 
 Patient with bilateral congenital ptosis

Example 3 : 

 An adult patient with left congenital ptosis

Please visit the following relevant links

Oculoplastic & Aesthetic Eyeplastic Service

Outcome Results on Oculoplastic & Aesthetic Eyeplastic Procedures
Oculoplastic & Aesthetic Eyeplastic Clinical Staff
I Want an Eye Examination / an Appointment
SNEC Smartphone Apps for Patients
Feedback

Read more on related Eye Conditions and Treatments:

Aesthetic Eyelid Surgery
Entropion
Epiblepharon
Orbital Disorders
Socket Reconstruction
Tearing Disorders
Thyroid Eye Disease


Where to Seek Treatment

The medical institutions within SingHealth that offer consultation and treatment for this condition include:

1. Singapore National Eye Centre
Oculoplastics
11 Third Hospital Avenue, Singapore 168751

For Enquiries and Appointments:


Use
Email: appointments@snec.com.sg or
Call: +65 6227 7266

For International Patients:
Use Overseas Referral
Email: ips@snec.com.sg or
Call: +65 6100 9393


   
2. KK Women's and Children's Hospital
Children's - KK Eye Centre
100 Bukit Timah Road Singapore 229899

For Enquiries and Appointments:


Use
Email: centralappt@kkh.com.sg or
Call: +65 6294 4050

For International Patients:
Use Overseas Referral
Email: international@kkh.com.sg or
Call: +65 6394 8888

   


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